Treatment for Cervical Cancer During Early Stages – The reproductive system is one of the most sensitive parts of the body. There are several diseases that can affect it, ranging from mild to severe. For women, one of the most feared diseases is cervical cancer. If you have been bleeding more than usual during your period (or even after intercourse) and experiencing pelvic pains, it would be best not to brush them aside. These are just some of the usual symptoms of the disease.
Just like other forms of cancer, there are phases to this disease, each of which has a level of treatment:
Also known as carcinoma in situ, doctors often consider this stage as pre-cancer. This is because the destructive cells are only located along the surface layer of the cervix and have not yet penetrated deeper layers. Since it is still early, the affected part can still be removed via surgery.
Stage IA1 and IA2
The usual remedy is cone biopsy (a procedure wherein the cone of the cervix is removed), depending on the size of the affected area. However, if the uterus is also affected, doctors usually recommend hysterectomy. Additional radiation and chemotherapy is included at regular intervals to make sure the cancer cells do not return.
Stage IB1 and IB2
The standard treatment is usually radical hysterectomy, wherein the lymph nodes along the pelvis and other affected areas are removed. If the patient still wants to have children, however, an alternative treatment is radical trachelectomy, wherein only the pelvic lymph nodes are removed. Chemotherapy with cisplatin is usually recommended if there is a strong chance that cancer cells will return.
Basically, the stages mentioned above are recognised as the early stages of cervical cancer. Naturally for the more severe stages, more invasive treatment is required.
You can never tell if you will be struck with this disease or not. If you do, at least you know which procedures are applicable depending on the extent of damage the disease caused to your cervix.