What You Should Know About Cervical Cancer

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What You Should Know About Cervical Cancer – Womens health has been one of the most popular issues that have engendered monumental concern in the recent years. Medical facts have elicited numerous studies showing that risks of incurring certain types of cancer have grown tremendously. One of the common problems challenging the society is cervical cancer.

The dangers of reproductive health problem can be best understood by knowing the “hows” and “whys” of its development. The learning begins by knowing the human cervix. The cervix is part of the woman reproductive system, which is located in the lower part of the uterus. It primarily functions as a passageway between the uterus and the vagina. When a woman is pregnant, it tightly closes up in order to help keep the baby inside the uterus. In this respect, therefore, the role of the cervix can never be underestimated. Moreover, the cancer that develops in the cervix is generally caused by Human Papilloma Viruses (HPV), which spreads through sexual contact.

Although most female body systems are usually able to fight the HPV infection, in some cases, the virus can lead to cancer. The cancer usually begins on the surface cells of the cervix; but over time, it can attack deeper into the interiors of the cervix and its tissues. Women who have this infection are at a greater risk of developing the cancer if they smoke, have gone through previous childbirths, use birth control pills, or have HIV infection.

Furthermore, the tough thing about cervical cancer is that it usually does not exhibit early symptoms. As the cancer grows, however, its more noticeable signs would include abnormal vaginal bleeding (i.e., bleeding outside the regular menstrual periods, bleeding after sexual intercourse, bleeding after menopause), increased vaginal discharge, pelvic pains and abnormal pain during sexual intercourse.

Due to its misleading nature—that is, the absence of early signs—doctors highly advise that women take regular Pap smear tests in order to reduce the risk of incurring the infection.
What little people know about cervical cancer has somehow contributed to the gradual rise of fatal incidence. Medical experts have observed that most females who have developed this type of cancer were not even aware during the early stages, making it too late for proper intervention. Indeed, early detection is essential to avoid greater risks in the future.


Treatment for Cervical Cancer During Early Stages

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Treatment for Cervical Cancer During Early Stages – The reproductive system is one of the most sensitive parts of the body. There are several diseases that can affect it, ranging from mild to severe. For women, one of the most feared diseases is cervical cancer. If you have been bleeding more than usual during your period (or even after intercourse) and experiencing pelvic pains, it would be best not to brush them aside. These are just some of the usual symptoms of the disease.

Just like other forms of cancer, there are phases to this disease, each of which has a level of treatment:

Stage 0

Also known as carcinoma in situ, doctors often consider this stage as pre-cancer. This is because the destructive cells are only located along the surface layer of the cervix and have not yet penetrated deeper layers. Since it is still early, the affected part can still be removed via surgery.

Stage IA1 and IA2

The usual remedy is cone biopsy (a procedure wherein the cone of the cervix is removed), depending on the size of the affected area. However, if the uterus is also affected, doctors usually recommend hysterectomy. Additional radiation and chemotherapy is included at regular intervals to make sure the cancer cells do not return.

Stage IB1 and IB2

The standard treatment is usually radical hysterectomy, wherein the lymph nodes along the pelvis and other affected areas are removed. If the patient still wants to have children, however, an alternative treatment is radical trachelectomy, wherein only the pelvic lymph nodes are removed. Chemotherapy with cisplatin is usually recommended if there is a strong chance that cancer cells will return.

Basically, the stages mentioned above are recognised as the early stages of cervical cancer. Naturally for the more severe stages, more invasive treatment is required.

You can never tell if you will be struck with this disease or not. If you do, at least you know which procedures are applicable depending on the extent of damage the disease caused to your cervix.